Human Rights Ecuador
Analysis of the human rights situation in Ecuador

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The United Nations and Human Rights

The constant struggle for freedom, justice and peace in the world seeking recognition among the dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all equally.

Disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the human consciousness, therefore, all seek the advent of a world in which human beings, free from fear and want, enjoy freedom of speech and of beliefs. It is essential that human rights are protected by law regimes, so that humanity will not be forced to have recourse to rebellion against tyranny and oppression.

The people of the United Nations have reaffirmed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, faith and commitment to the dignity, worth and i equal rights of women and men, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life within a broad concept of freedom.

The Human Rights

The General Assembly of the United Nations, proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, so that every individual and of society, keeping constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and liberators, and secure, by progressive measures, national and international awards and their universal and effective, both among the peoples of Member States and between the territories under their jurisdiction.

  1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another.
  2. Everyone has all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other condition. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made based on the political, jurisdictional or international country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, as a Trust Territory, not autonomous or subject to any other limitation of sovereignty.
  3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
  4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude, slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
  5. not be subjected to torture or to cruel, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
  6. Everyone has the right, everywhere, the recognition of legal personality.
  7. All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
  8. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted by the constitution or by law.
  9. No one shall be arbitrarily arrest, detention or exile.
  10. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal for the determination of his rights and obligations and of any charge against him in criminal matters.
  11. Everyone charged with a penal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense. No one shall be condemned by their acts or omissions at the time it was committed a criminal offense under national or international law. Nor shall a heavier penalty more severe than that applicable at the time of the crime.
  12. one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone is entitled to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
  13. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the territory of a State. Everyone has the right to leave any country including his own, and return home.
  14. from persecution, everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy it, in any country. This right may not be invoked in case of prosecutions genuinely arising from nonpolitical crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
  15. Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
  16. men and women, from full age have the right, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, to marry and raise a family, are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses may contract marriage. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.
  17. Everyone has the right to own property individually and collectively. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
  18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion: this right includes freedom to change religion or belief, and freedom to manifest religion or belief, individually and collectively, in public and private, teaching, practice, worship and observance.
  19. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression: this right includes freedom to hold moelstado to hold opinions without interference and receive and impart information, regardless of frontiers, by any means expression.
  20. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one shall be compelled to belong to an association.
  21. Everyone has the right to participate in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of access on equal terms, to public service in his country. The will of the people is the basis of the uthority of government; this will shall be expressed genuine elections to be held periodically, universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot and another vote or by equivalent free voting.
  22. Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and realization, through national effort and international cooperation in view of the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
  23. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one shall be compelled to belong to an association.
  24. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, to reasonable time limits holidays with pay.
  25. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for her and her family, health and well-being, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and necessary social services; and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children born in wedlock or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
  26. Everyone has the right to education. Education should be free, at least in respect to the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available to higher education equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. The educaci’øn shall pursue the full development of human personality and the strengthening of respect for the humanities rights and fundamental freedoms, promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all racial or religious groups, and promote the development of the activities of United Nations peacekeeping. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
  27. Everyone has the right to participate freely in cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits resulting therefrom. Everyone is entitled to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which is the author.
  28. Everyone has the right to establish a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully active.
  29. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development personality. In exercising their rights and enjoy their freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and general welfare in a democratic society. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
  30. Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as meaning that ne implying for any State or an internal group or person any right to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration .